he spinal column is composed of many delicate structures, and it has 5 regions:
Cervical: The 7 vertebrae between your head and shoulders. The nerves from there control most of our body, since they are closest to our brain; therefore, functions like blood supply to the head (brain oxygenation), face, shoulders to hands, heart, lungs, liver, stomach, kidneys, even intestines and colon.
Thoracic: The 12 mid-back vertebrae are in between your shoulder blades, there are 2 ribs attaching to each thoracic vertebrae, which protect your lungs and heart. Those nerves control the chest and breast, heart and lungs, esophagus, gallbladder, liver, kidneys, diaphragm, stomach, pancreas, small intestines, uterus, and appendix.
Lumbar: The 5 vertebrae in your low back, curves inward toward the abdomen. This area carries all of the weight of the upper body while providing flexibility and movement to the waist region. The lumbar area controls communication between the brain and the legs (buttocks and groin to toes), as well as the reproductive organs, bladder, intestines, and colon.
Sacrum: Your tailbone, a section of 5 fused bones. It is between the 2 large pelvic bones. Its primary role is to connect the spine to the hip bones and to support the weight of the upper body also. Nerves from this area control the function of buttocks, reproductive organs, prostate, sciatic nerve, rectum, and feet.
Pelvis: The 2 large bones near the base of the spine, it forms the socket of the hip joint to which your legs (femur) attaches to. Its main function is to support the weight of the upper body when sitting and to transfer this weight to the lower limbs when standing. One of the moving joints when you walk.
Each section of your spine protects the delicate spinal cord and nerves, helps support your entire body and transports messages to and from the brain to virtually every cell, tissue, organ, and system of your body.
Spinal manipulations, also known as adjustments, keep your nervous system from interference to ensure the healthy functions of every part of your body.